Daryl Lembke, “Faculty at UC Berkeley Votes for Ethnic Studies Department,” Los Angeles Times, Mar. 6, 1969, A3, A28.
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The Third World Liberation Front
Chancellor Roger HeynstwLFUC Berkeley Faculty Senate
The proposal which inspired and laid the groundwork for the Third World College
Practicing democracy in one part of the coalition.
AASU, MASC, AAPA, & NAP came together—and borrowed language from the Black struggle to do so
Liberation demands to gain rightful autonomy in the university
Extensive coverage, from the Barb, of the start of the TWLF strike at Berkeley
In its second week the TWLF strike took on a new momentum and met stronger resistance
SF State's graduate teachers union wrote a letter in support of twLF
Manuel Delgado, of the Mexican American Students Confederation, heading up a TWLF rally
The Cal TA union voted to strike after 17 TAs were busted on a TWLF picket line
The twLF held the "first session of the Third World College," grounding their struggle in educational self-determination, not police brutality or the street struggle
An analysis—from a later Pulitzer Prize winner—of how the two TWLFs converged and diverged
Battles between strikers and police led to greater support for the TWLF among students and TAs
A Cal mother wrote to the Regents supporting the fight for a Third World College
The Barb on "Reagan's robots" and some confusion within the TWLF after the Berkeley Faculty vote
A pamphlet that offered analysis of the TWLF position and of the police and campus counterreaction
The TWLF answered the question: why should students stick their neck out for the cause?
Berkeley's Women's Liberation Front announced their support for twLF
To understand that efficacy over one's life is at stake, not specific bureaucratic demands.
A failure to understand the true meaning of self-determination.
A crucial moment: Chancellor Heyns asked Governor Reagan to declare a 'state of emergency' and bring in police from elsewhere
Police turned the Cal campus into a militarized war zone
Cops arresting a TWLF striker on Sproul
Heyns lambasted the strike and argued for an Ethnic Studies unit bound by university protocols
Cal faculty voted for an Ethnic Studies department—not a Third World College
Uncertainty hovered over the TWLF as its leadership attempted to negotiate with Chancellor Heyns
The goal of a detailed plan for a Third World College: radical education out of the radical imagination
"The roots of the Asian-American lie in Asia. A knowledge of history is essential; most pertinent is history involving Western man."
"The present needs of the Chicano must be met in such a way to...sustain self confidence and provide a feeling of acceptance on the student's terms."
"To a considerable degree all who reside in the United States have been 'Indianized' while at the same time, of course, Indians have become 'Europeanized.'"
A questionnaire suggests how the twLF struggle was about more than a course of study
The proposal that lead to the creation of the Afro-American Studies Department in the College of Letters in Science
The strategy for negotiations with the University
Seven months after the TWLF strike, black leaders reflected on the gains of the struggle and its future
"It is indeed a minor miracle the Division has survived its first year."
When the Cal administration installed its own chair of Afro-American Studies, dissenters went to the Rainbow Sign to strategize
The struggle to halt the divide & conquer strategy of the University.